Title I Overview Image3

Title I is a federal grant program designed to give educational assistance to students living in areas of high poverty. The Title I program originated in 1965 when Congress passed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and was re-authorized in 2001 with the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act. Title I is one of the oldest and largest federal programs supporting elementary and secondary education in existence, and over 90% of the school systems in the United States receive some sort of Title I funding.
The Title I program provides financial assistance through State educational agencies (SEAs) to local educational agencies (LEAs) and public schools with high numbers or percentages of poor children to help ensure that all children meet challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards. Title I reaches about 12.5 million students enrolled in both public and private schools. Title I funds may be used for children from preschool age to high school, but most of the students served (65 percent) are in grades 1 through 6; another 12 percent are in preschool and kindergarten programs.


Facts about Title I

School-wide Program

  • Schools must have 40% poverty or greater to implement a School-wide program
  • Funds are used to improve the overall academic program of the school
  • A Title I School-wide team must annually develop a School-wide plan that includes the following:
    • Comprehensive needs assessment
    • School wide reform strategies
    • Provision for instruction by highly qualified professional staff
    • Strategies for increasing parental involvement
    • Plans to facilitate transition from preschool to elementary school
    • Measures for including teacher input to improve student performance and the overall instructional program
    • Provision of assistance to struggling students